For most policy and plan documents the level of legal effect they have changes as they move through the consultative process. For example, provisions in ‘proposed plans’ have legal status when considering resource consent applications. The degree of weight given to those provisions varies depends on how far through the formal submission process the relevant plan is and whether or not that provision has been opposed in submissions or appeals.
Find out more about the different stages our policy and plan documents can go through under the Resource Management Act 1991 below. The legal status of the provisions within these documents increases as they move from the initial discussion stage to the operative stage.
You can also find out about consultation (including Special Consultation Procedures) under the Local Government Act 2002 below.
Discussiondocuments (sometimes also called issues and options documents) set out the background to an issue and discuss options for how council might deal with the issue. They are generally used as a tool in the consultative process to generate public discussion and feedback. These documents have no legal effect and any submission process for these documents is informal.
Draft documents generally have no legal effect, although they may be taken into account in resource consents or when making funding decisions. They are generally used as a tool in the consultative process to show people what could be in the proposed document and give people something more specific to respond to. Any submission process for these documents is informal.
Proposed documents are prepared under the Resource Management Act (external link) and are formally advertised or publicly notified. When documents are notified people are invited to make a written submission on the document. Submissions have formal legal status in plan preparation processes. Submissions can either support what is in the document or oppose it and ask council to change the document. Council then holds hearings and makes decisions on each of the submissions and the changes that have been asked for. A proposed document moves through the following phases:
Operativedocuments are documents that have been completed. This means there is no more opportunity for council or the public to make changes to the document, until it is notified and the whole process gone through again. Council must resolve to make plans/documents "operative". Resource Management Act Plans must be reviewed every 10 years. Most other plans must be reviewed every three or five years.
To make changes to notified documents council can notify a variation to a proposed plan or a change to an operative plan prepared under the Resource Management Act. This happens when the council thinks that certain parts of the plans need changing or adding to, maybe to deal with a new issue that has come up. These go through the same consultation process as described above.
The Ministry for the Environment oversees the implementation of the Resource Management Act. For more information about policy formation under the Act you can check out the Ministry's website (external link) .
Waikato Regional Council also carries out consultation activities required under the Local Government Act 2002.
For example, Waikato Regional Council is committed to ensuring that effective consultation is undertaken with members of the regional community. Our 'WISE Consultation Strategy' promotes opportunities for participation in general decision-making processes by encouraging the most effective and efficient ways of consulting. This strategy closely follows the decision-making and consultation principles of the Local Government Act 2002. A copy of the strategy can be downloaded in PDF format from our Local Governance Statement.
The Local Government Act also describes a 'Special Consultative Procedure' - a statutory minimum procedure that local authorities must follow when making particular decisions. This procedure must be used, for example, for the adoption of a Long-Term Council Community Plan (LTCCP). The steps involved include:
The Department of Internal Affairs oversees the implementation of the Local Government Act. For more information on decision-making and consultation processes and getting involved with your council, check out their website (external link) .
You can also find out more information about where our policies and plans are in the consultative process in our quarterly Policy Update.