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  Services » Publications » Technical Reports » 2012 technical reports » tr201237

Waikato regional economic profile

On this page: abstract, table of contents

Report: TR 2012/37

Author: T Ashraf, Y Phillips

Abstract

This profile provides information so that everyone can have a shared understanding of the economic issues and opportunities facing the Waikato region and can take steps collaboratively to address these.

Read the highlights brochure.

The profile considers both the fundamentals and drivers for the Waikato regional economy, drawing on secondary material sourced from a wide range of organisations, and primary data from the Economic Futures Model of the regional economy obtained by Waikato Regional Council.

The body of the profile is divided into the following chapters:

  • Key indicators
  • Export sectors
  • Infrastructure
  • People
  • Natural resources
  •  Institutions
  • Iwi
  • Business and industry
  • Capital
  • Innovation system

Waikato Regional Council intends to make available publicly timely information about aspects of the Waikato regional economy on an ongoing basis.

Waikato regional economic profile (23mb)

Table of contents

  Executive summary ix
1 Introduction 1
1.1 About this profile 1
1.2 Purpose 1
1.3 Economic wellbeing 3
1.3.1 Nation performance 6
1.3.2 Government's Business Growth Agenda 8
1.4 Regional economic development 9
1.4.1 International policy trends 9
1.4.2 New Zealand policy and programmes 10
1.4.3 Waikato experience 11 
2 Key indicators 13
2.1 Summary 13
2.2 Gross regional product 13
2.3 Employment 14
2.4 Unemployment 15
2.5 Income 16
2.6 Social deprivation 18
3 Export sectors 21
3.1 Summary 21
3.2 International and inter-regional exports 21
3.3 Export sector analysis 22
3.3.1 Dairy cattle farming 22
3.3.2 Livestock and cropping farming 24
3.3.3 High value food manufacturing 27
3.3.4 High value manufacturing 31
3.3.5 Forestry and logging and wood and paper manufacturing 33
3.3.6 High value services 37
3.3.7 Aquaculture 39
3.3.8 Tourism 41
4 Infrastructure 45
4.1 Summary 45
4.2 Transport 46
4.2.1 Road 46
4.2.2 Rail 49
4.2.3 Public transport 51
4.2.4 Freight hubs 51
4.2.5 Sea port 51
4.2.6 Airports 52
4.3 Energy 54
4.3.1 Electricity 55
4.3.2 Coal 59
4.3.3 Gas 61
4.3.4 Oil 62
4.4 Water 63
4.4.1 Introduction 63
4.4.2 Urban water infrastructure 63
4.4.3 Productive water infrastructure 68
4.5 Telecommunications 70
5 People 76
5.1 Summary 76
5.2 Demographics 76
5.2.1 Population 76
5.2.2 Ethnicity 79
5.2.3 Ageing 80
5.3 Labour 81
5.3.1 Educational attainment 81
5.3.2 Occupations 84
5.3.3 Labour market areas 85
5.3.4 Commuting patterns 86
6 Natural resources 89
6.1 Summary 89
6.2 Climate 89
6.3 Land 90
6.3.1 Business land 92
6.4 Soil 93
6.5 Minerals 94
6.6 Water 96
6.6.1 Allocation 96
6.6.2 Current use 97
6.7 Coast/marine 98
6.8 Air 98
6.9 Natural hazards 99
7 Institutions 100
7.1 Summary 100
7.2 National 100
7.3 Regional 100
7.4 Contribution to economic growth 102
8 Iwi 109
8.1 Summary 109
8.2 Tangata whenua 109
8.3 Treaty of Waitangi settlements 110
9 Business and industry 115
9.1 Summary 115
9.2 Demographics 115
9.3 Location quotients 118
9.4 Productivity 120
9.4.1 New Zealand's labour productivity performance 120
9.4.2 Waikato region labour productivity 121
10 Capital 123
10.1 Summary 123
10.2 Sources of finance 123
11 Innovation system 126
11.1 Summary 126
11.2 Education 127
11.2.1 The University of Waikato 127
11.2.2 Waikato Institute of Technology 128
11.2.3 Waiariki Institute of Technology 129
11.2.4 Te Wānanga o Aotearoa 130
11.2.5 Industry Training Organisations 131
11.3 Research and commercialisation 132
11.3.1 The University of Waikato 132
11.3.2 Waikato Institute of Technology 134
11.3.3 Waiariki Institute of Technology 135
11.3.4 Te Wānanga o Aotearoa 136
11.3.5 Crown Research Institutes 136
11.4 Business development and growth 140
11.4.1 Government agencies 140
11.4.2 Membership-based business organisations 141
11.4.3 Science and technology parks 141
11.4.4 Business incubators 143
12 Key findings and next steps 144
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