This indicator measures the public and private ownership of the Waikato region’s coastline. The results are presented as privately owned, publicly owned or road edge (assumed public ownership), and have been split into the three main coastal regions – West Coast, West Coromandel and East Coromandel.
The coast is widely perceived as a public open space, which should be accessible to everyone. Public access is highlighted as a matter of national importance in the New Zealand Coastal Policy Statement (NZCPS). Our Regional Coastal Policy Statement (RPS) andRegional Coastal Plan (RCP) emphasises that public access within the Coastal Marine Area (CMA) - along the foreshore and across the water - should not be unduly restricted. Access within the CMA is dependent largely on access to the coast being available. Public access to the coast (and other areas) relies on the provision of public areas such as access strips, walkways, reserves and conservation areas, or agreements with landowners. The presence of public coastal land can therefore be used to evaluate likely levels of public access, and the availability of highly valued coastal space.
Esplanade areas have a number of purposes including recreation, public access and conservation (including water quality and the mitigation of natural hazards). These purposes are outlined in section 229 of the Resource Management Act 1991.
Just under half (48 percent) of the entire Waikato region’s coastline is publicly owned. However the percentage of privately and publicly owned land differs greatly between the West Coast, West Coromandel, and East Coromandel.
On the West Coromandel Peninsula:
On the East Coromandel Peninsula:
On the West Coast of the Waikato region:
This indicator is updated every 10 years.
Coastal Scientist - Science and Strategy Directorate.